Emily Kame Kngwarreye is the fourth tiles in our series of monographs on Australian female artists, with an introduction by award-winning author and essayist Colm Tóibín. Born early in the 20th century Kngwarreye began her 'art' making via batik in the latter part of the 1970s and was an important member of the Utopia Women's Batik Group. In 1988 she made her first painting with acrylic on canvas, and by the time of her first solo show in 1990 she was already in many notable collections and had forged new ground for contemporary Indigenous art. In 1992 she was awarded a Federal Government Creative Fellowship, the first Indigenous artist to receive one. At the time of her death in September 1996, Kngwarreye was recognised as one of Australia's foremost artists.